One of the largest, and most diverse group of Christians, Baptists take their name from the practice of adult baptism. Unlike most Christians, who baptize infants or young children into the fellowship of the community of Christians (known as “infant baptism, or pedobaptism”), baptists insist that individual believers freely and publicly commit themselves to their christian faith in a ceremony of adult baptism, often known as “believers baptism or credobaptism”.
Baptist churches emerged in the early 17th century within various protestant denominations, and, while today there are still no central Baptist authority, two prominent confederations are the Baptist World Alliance, and the Southern Baptist Convention. The former being a more liberal branch, and the latter being a more conservative branch.
Generally evangelical, Baptists require that the new testament be the explicit authority for their beliefs and practices. While not always taking the Bible literally, Baptists insist that the Christian beliefs and practices are commanded or commended by example within the Bible.
Baptists believe that religious faith is a matter of personal relation between God and the individual. This support for “religious freedom” entails that individuals may practice any religion, or none. Historically, they have been ardent supporters of the principle of the separation of Church and State, particularly in the United States. Of course, Baptists have the evangelical hope that individuals will confess a Christian faith, but insist that this must be a free decision.
Because of the lack of a central authority, a wide range of beliefs can be seen between one baptist church and another. However, there are many main central beliefs, such as: There is one God who is eternal, infinite in power, wisdom, holiness and love. God is an essential being and revealed to mankind as the father, son and holy spirit.
Jesus is the second person of the Godhead and is eternally one with God the Father. To become human he was conceived of the holy spirit and born as a human.
The scriptures, consisting of the old and new testaments, are infallible word of God. And People were made in the image of God and for fellowship with God, however we fell from fellowship with God and as a concequence, all of mankind are spiritually dead under satans dominion and control. In order to atone, one must accept Jesus as their lord and savior, and become baptised in his name and thus, born again.
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